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By E. Müller

Excerpt from A Simplified Grammar of the Pali Language

It will be particularly misplaced in an easy Gram mar to go into right into a lengthy dialogue concerning the age and starting place of the Pali language. a number of phrases at the topic could be enough: Kuhn, following Westergaard, holds Pfili to be the vernacular of Ujjein, the capital of Mz'ilava on the time whilst Mahinda, the son of Asoka, took the sacred Canon with him to Ceylon (beitrage, p. nevertheless, Oldenberg, rejecting that culture, considers Pali to be the unique language of the Kalinga nation (vinaya pitaka, advent, p. Liv). He compares the language of the massive inscription at Khandagiri (cunningham, Corpus Inscriptionum, i. And unearths in basic terms little or no distinction among this and the pah. From this he con cludes that there should have been, a few hundred and fifty years sooner than Mahinda, a widespread sex among Kalinga and the island; actually, that the faith, including its language, was once introduced over from there to Ceylon.

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Cases of change of quantity are by no means yet ex- We have by the rules and examples given above. numerous instances where the change is due entirely to the hausted metre, and others again where no reason try in the sequel to keep separate as two cases, is visible. much We will as possible these and mention those instances which are supported by the Prakrit dialects. The roots terminating in a, asjnd, dd, sthd, almost regularly CHANGE OF QUANTITY. , always written with d 'wise,' except in a passage of the Culakammavibhangasutta, quoted by Grogerly, Ev.

Skt. upadika, the Pali seems to have retained the original while the Skt. has turned palatal, it into the dental : see M. 62. In &

1 102 (Hem. ii. ; generally find v in this case, as in dveld= apida, 'garland;' theva=stepa, 'drop, vi. 273 v. 3. 125 derives it Pischel Beitr. from stoka) 239, iii. ' ; posdvana, sup- porting,' according to Childers =posdpana; vydvafa=vja,prita, covered,' Trenckner, P. ' M. 63, and veyydvacca, veyydvatiJca, PALI GRAMMAB. 38 The reverse (5) process, hardening of a soft consonant, or substitution of a surd for a sonant, occurs in ' yaga, sacrifice,' 543 Jat. 484 ; kildsu strictor,' Jat. hi. Tcatupaga, Suttavibh.

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