By Vladimir P. Nedjalkov, Galina A. Otaina, Ekaterina Gruzdeva, Emma Š. Geniušienė
This quantity, initially released in Russian in 2012, is without doubt one of the few higher works on Nivkh (Gilyak), an underinvestigated endangered Paleosiberian language-isolate, that experience seemed in recent times. it's a descriptive grammar in accordance with vast language facts and supplemented with the authors’ experiments and refined research, geared toward elucidating a few moot issues of the hugely particular Nivkh syntax, and with quantitave info. It makes a speciality of syntactic and semantic different types of verbs and their aspectual and temporal features, quite a few teams of verbal grammatical morphemes, using finite and non-finite verb types, and particularly on quite a few converbs, sentence varieties, notice order, two-predicate buildings, relative clauses, direct and oblique speech, textual content constitution and unity. The typological services and insights of V.P. Nedjalkov and the local intuitions of G.A. Otaina mix so as to add worth to this quantity. The publication can be of curiosity to experts in morphosyntax, typology, common linguistics and indigenous languages.
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Additional info for A Syntax of the Nivkh Language: The Amur dialect
The 3SG pronoun is not used as a direct object: instead, the demonstrative pronoun hәd̦ ‘that one’ is used, but more commonly it is omitted and the free variant of a transitive verb is used. However, the free variant of about 130 transitives contains the initial component j-/i-/e- (cf. (8a)) which is descended from the 3SG pronoun if ‘s/he’, ‘his/her’ and serves as a pronominal object marker. Other transitives may occur with the initial u- (cf. Krejnovich 1937: 61). old-distr/ints/compl-conv:ant/sim we:excl i-vәkz-nә-d̦.
This applies to the reflexive pronoun p‘i ‘self ’ as well. The latter is always coreferential with the subject. The 3SG pronoun is not used as a direct object: instead, the demonstrative pronoun hәd̦ ‘that one’ is used, but more commonly it is omitted and the free variant of a transitive verb is used. However, the free variant of about 130 transitives contains the initial component j-/i-/e- (cf. (8a)) which is descended from the 3SG pronoun if ‘s/he’, ‘his/her’ and serves as a pronominal object marker.
I ţus+t‘a+umgu+ñřə-d̦. I meat+fry+woman+see-ind ‘I saw the woman (who) had fried the meat’ (or: ‘… woman frying the meat’). 2 The head word of an attributive complex is an object The initial consonant of a transitive verb used as an attribute either undergoes alternation or it does not. Accordingly, two formal subtypes are distinguished. In both subtypes expression of the subject is obligatory. 1 A transitive verb changes its initial consonant In this case the free form of the transitive is used: (46) c.