By Fanny Meunier, Sylvie De Cock, Gaëtanelle Gilquin, Magali Paquot
The 11 contributions to this quantity, written through specialist corpus linguists, take on corpora from a variety of views and goal to make clear the varied linguistic and pedagogical makes use of to which corpora might be placed. They current state-of-the-art examine within the authors’ respective area of craftsmanship and recommend instructions for destiny study. the main target of the ebook is on learner corpora, however it additionally contains reflections at the position of different different types of corpora, comparable to local corpora, professional clients corpora, parallel corpora or corpora of latest Englishes. For readers who're already conversant in corpora, this quantity bargains an educated account of the most important function that corpus info play in utilized linguistics this day. As for readers who're new to corpus linguistics, the assessment of ways, tools and domain names of purposes provided will unquestionably support them advance their very own style for corpora. This quantity has been edited in honour of Sylviane Granger, who has been one of many pioneers of learner corpus examine.
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Extra resources for A Taste for Corpora: In Honour of Sylviane Granger
Earlier I mentioned briefly Johansson & Hofland’s (1989) frequency lists of comparable corpora for American English (AmE) and British English (BrE): Brown and LOB. These and other corpora in the Brown family show differences in regional varieties of written English and show, for example, that the auxiliaries must, may, should and shall have been declining sharply in frequency, and that in this decline BrE is following in the wake of a sharper decline in AmE (Leech et al. 2009: 71–83). It is also possible to compare AmE and BrE in terms of spoken English: two comparable corpora of conversation (the demographically sampled part of the BNC and the Longman Corpus of Spoken American English [LCSAE]) show that in AmE, much more than in BrE, ‘core’ modals like must, may, should and shall are less frequent than in the written language, whereas some ‘semimodals’ resulting from grammaticalization – constructions like be going to and have to – have reached a greater frequency than most core modals (see Leech et al.
Sinclair, J. 1966. Beginning the study of lexis. R. E. C. K. H. Robins (eds), 410–430. London: Longman. Sinclair, J. 1991. Corpus, Concordance, Collocation. Oxford: OUP. , Jones, S. & Daley, R. 1970. English Lexical Studies: Report to OSTI on Project C/ LP/08. Ms, University of Birmingham 1970. ) 2005. Stefanowitsch, A. T. 2003. Collostructions: Investigating the interaction of words and constructions. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 8(2): 209–243. Teubert, W. 2004. Units of meaning, parallel corpora, and their implications for language teaching.
Example from the LCSAE] For the millions of learners who have sweated over the second and third conditionals, it might be a comfort (or alternatively, a vexation) to know that these are fairly rare in comparison with the type just illustrated. Yet a further example is the ‘MPT rule’, repeated in many books and materials, decreeing that the order of adverbials at the end of a clause is ‘Manner followed by Place and Place followed by Time’. In practice, this turns out to be a probabilistic rule, and not a very good one at that.