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By Hans-Christian Schmitz

Hans-Christian Schmitz argues speaker has to utter a sentence in a manner that makes the hearer understand no less than these phrases which are adequate for figuring out the full sentence. In spoken language the speaker has to intensify those phrases. Semantics results of accentuation look as epi-phenomena in their pragmatic functionality. the writer defines a proper version for the translation of incompletely well-known sentences and derives a context-sensitive rule of accentuation. the guideline of accentuation is experimentally evaluated.

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Accentuation and Active Interpretation (Palgrave Studies in Pragmatics, Languages and Cognition)

Hans-Christian Schmitz argues speaker has to utter a sentence in a fashion that makes the hearer understand at the least these phrases which are adequate for realizing the full sentence. In spoken language the speaker has to intensify those phrases. Semantics results of accentuation seem as epi-phenomena in their pragmatic functionality.

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Additional info for Accentuation and Active Interpretation (Palgrave Studies in Pragmatics, Languages and Cognition)

Example text

This can be explained if it is assumed that a recipient has certain expectations about the signal to be decoded. The more possible decodings he can exclude in advance, and the fewer the number of decodings that he has to decide between, the easier it is for him to recognise the signal. In the simplest task (cipher recognition), he has to decide between only ten different ciphers; in the most difficult task (recognition of meaningless syllable sequences) he cannot distinguish between predictable words, and must instead recognise the signal in its entirety.

6 Why? On the face of it, two interpretations are possible: first, our interpretation, according to which it is actually 18:00 – or more precisely, Benedikt thinks it is 18:00 – while his watch shows 18:03, and, secondly, an alternative interpretation according to which it is 18:03, while Benedikt’s watch shows 18:06. We want to know the time and are not interested in any technical details about the watch. In the alternative interpretation (18:03), we learn what Benedikt takes to be the time, and on top of that we learn an uninteresting detail about his watch.

Finally, he has to apply criteria of adequacy for choosing the correct reconstruction. 28 Cooperative Information Exchange 29 One might argue, that the recipient would not need to apply criteria of adequacy if his operations of semantic enrichment were dynamically restricted: in the question of example (1-a) the speaker, but not Peter is explicitly mentioned; therefore, the answer can only be so reconstructed that it means that the speaker’s bicycle has a flat tyre. On the contrary, in the question of example (1-b) Peter, but not the speaker is mentioned; therefore, the answer can only be so reconstructed that it means that Peter’s bicycle has a flat tyre.

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