By Jens Nieling, Ellen Rehm
For two hundred years, from the second one half the 6th century to the a long time prior to 330 BC, the Persian dynasty of the Achaemenids governed an immense empire stretching from the Mediterranean Sea to Afghanistan and India. the nice Kings Dareios I and Xerxes I even attempted to beat Greece and the northern Black Sea territories. even if they failed, components of Thrace did turn into a part of their dominion for a brief interval. The query consistently rises as to why the good Kings have been drawn to the western and northern Pontic zones. unlike a number of the different satrapies, similar to Egypt, Phoenicia and Syria, the Black Sea had no wealthy towns or provinces to provide. One attainable solution can be the need to beat every thing of the identified international. After 479 BC, it appears the nice Kings said the truth that the coast and the Caucasus shaped the traditional borders in their Empire. The satraps, nonetheless, couldn't steer clear of changing into fascinated with the affairs of the Black Sea zone for you to defend the frontiers that they had verified. they'd to include the Greeks, as approved population in their province, into the Persian administrative approach. in all likelihood they completed this by means of granting them the monopoly in sea alternate and utilizing the Anatolian Greeks because the major lively bearers and transmitters of Persian customs and tradition. extra learn into this bankruptcy of Persian heritage remains to be required.
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Extra info for Achaemenid Impact in the Black Sea: Communication of Powers (Black Sea Studies 11)
35 years of Persian control there. The Persians and the Greek cities of the Black Sea region One further point ought to be made. Within the debate about the Black Sea region in the Achaemenid period the question of the possible impact Persian presence might have had on the Greek cities of the Black Sea region is rarely considered. The cities may have been politically autonomous, but economically they were dependent on the local hinterland and thus there must have been at least indirect Persian influence on these communities.
Items from kurgan 1/2007 and Hermitage collection (kurgan 2/1909). 1-16 – kurgan 1/2007; 17-23 – kurgan 2/1909 (State Hermitage Museum). Hermitage Museum (Fig. 22 Similar clips from the Ulski group have only been found in this kurgan. A close analogy to both clips comes from the Novozavedennoe II kurgan 6, belonging to the bridle gear of horse no. 1. The authors date this kurgan 58 Vladimir R. 23 The Ulski clips may have also served as bridle-gear ornaments. The 2007 kurgan is therefore definitely connected to the finds from kurgan 2/1909.
This volume). 8 The case for a two-sided attack is made by Jacobs 2000. 9 Hdt. 124. Dareios crossed the Danube and built fortifications at the Oaros, variously identified, but possibly the Sal river (Jacobs 2000, 96). 10 Jacobs 2000, 98. In the west the Persians returned to the Danube, in the east the border was marked by the fortifications at the Sal river. The time of the loss of Pax Persica and the Peoples of the Black Sea Region 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 37 the area north of the Caucasus is unknown, but is thought to have occurred in the early fifth century (Jacobs 2000, 99).