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By Dragana Avramov, Miroslava Maskova

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Additional resources for Active Ageing in Europe Volume 1 (Population Studies) (Vol 41)

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The major sex imbalance in favour of women in Europe is again apparent for Russia, Ukraine, Latvia and Estonia. Here, and also in Croatia, there are only 50-60 men per 100 women. A more substantial predominance of women in 51 Active ageing in Europe younger old group can also be seen in central and eastern European countries (Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, Slovenia and Moldova) where excess male mortality is rather high. The ratio for these varies between 60 and 70. Also for Austria and Germany the ratio is only 70/100 in spite of the fact that their mortality level and male excess mortality are comparable with other western countries for which the ratio is higher.

G. Switzerland (30,2 %) should become the leader instead of Italy (28,6 %); Austria (27,9 %) should occupy the third position and Slovenia (26,9 %) should stand at sixth place. Besides these countries, Germany, Sweden, Finland, Spain, Greece and Belgium are also expected to remain in the top ten by 2030. 39 Active ageing in Europe In the period from 2030 to 2050 the long-term effects of recent and projected fertility levels in each country will be apparent in the speed as well as in the level of ageing reached in the given country in 2050.

High increases should also be found in most of the countries that are projected to be lagging behind in the level of population ageing within Europe up to 2030. This primarily concerns the eastern and south-eastern European countries including the Caucasus region. Thus in 2050 many of these countries are expected to reach the same or even higher shares of elderly than there should be in the western and northern countries of Europe: in the populations of the Slovak Republic, Bosnia and Herzegovina or Armenia the share of elderly should be around 29 % while in France, United Kingdom, Norway or the Netherlands it is expected to account for only about 26-27 %.

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