By Merlinda D. Ingco, John D. Nash
Constructing international locations have an incredible stake within the end result of alternate negotiations carried out lower than the auspices of the realm alternate association (WTO). 'Agriculture and the WTO: making a buying and selling approach for improvement' explores the major concerns and concepts in agricultural alternate liberalization from the viewpoint of those constructing nations. top specialists in alternate and agriculture from either built and constructing international locations offer key learn findings and coverage analyses on a number matters that comes with marketplace entry, household aid, export festival, quota management tools, nutrients protection, biotechnology, highbrow estate rights, and agricultural exchange below the Uruguay around contract on Agriculture. fabric is roofed in precis and in accomplished aspect with helping facts, a considerable bibliography, and listings of on-line assets. This publication could be of curiosity to policymakers and analysts within the fields of improvement economics and commodities pricing and alternate.
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Additional info for Agriculture and the WTO: Creating a Trading System for Development (World Bank Trade and Development Series)
The limited trade liberalization resulted in some tariff reductions on farm and food goods and the International Grains Arrangement. The Tokyo Round (1973–79) reached agreements affecting trade in temperate zone agricultural products for access, commodity arrangements (grains; dairy products; and beef, veal, and cattle), and the code on subsidies and standards, but agricultural subsidies continued, with no specific definition and no obligation to reduce their use. Bilateral access 25 26 Agriculture and the WTO negotiations reduced tariffs, but the Swiss formula, applied to tariffs on manufactured products, was not used for agricultural tariffs.
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C. UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development). 1994. Directory of Import Regimes. Geneva. ———. 1999. Trade Analysis and Information System. 02, CD-ROM. Geneva. Valdés, A. 1998. ” In J. Nash and W. , Trade Policy Reform: Lessons and Implications. : World Bank. , and R. Sharma. 2002. ” Paper presented at the World Bank/ International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium Conference, June 16–17, Whistler Valley, British Columbia, Canada. World Bank. 1994. Adjustment in Africa: Reforms, Results, and the Road Ahead.