By Richard Öhlinger, Andreas Adler (auth.), Antonio Logrieco, Angelo Visconti (eds.)
The transforming into curiosity in future health dangers linked to toxigenic fungi and similar mycotoxins has resulted in the improvement of a few examine tasks in the past decade in numerous eu international locations and loads of details has been produced at the normal prevalence of mycotoxins in crops, meals and feeds. the variations in environmental stipulations (temperature, mild, rainfall and so forth. ) and in uncovered cultivated vegetation (type of cereals, cultivars and so forth. ) within the detailed ecu international locations have considerably inspired the distribution of particular toxigenic fungi and comparable mycotoxicological difficulties. additionally, biogeographically established lineages inside of a few vital toxigenic fungi were lately came upon, of reproductive isolation. Transglobal exhibiting an extended evolutionary heritage transposition of plant items turns out to have considerably contributed to the spreading of toxigenic species and lineages around the world. accordingly, the migration of agriculturally very important toxigenic fungi generated by means of alternate exchanges might characterize a massive resource of inoculum for brand new plant illnesses in Europe and for a much broader genetic range of neighborhood populations. It used to be our aim to supply the reader with an replace of researches and surveys at the normal incidence of toxigenic fungi and mycotoxins played at a ecu point over the last 5-10 years. The editors are tremendous thankful to the EU-COST-835 "Agriculturally vital toxigenic fungi" for the monetary help that allowed a couple of eu scientists to fulfill numerous instances during the last 5 years to collaborate and trade information regarding examine advances on toxigenic fungi and mycotoxins.
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Additional resources for An Overview on Toxigenic Fungi and Mycotoxins in Europe
34 MYCOTOXINS IN FOOD IN CROATIA especially ochratoxin A (OTA) as possible aetiological factor of endemic nephropathy. Occurrence of fungi and mycotoxins in different substrates (field and stored crops, dried meat products, animal feed) and air, mycotoxin residues in humans and animals, and toxigenic potential of fungal strains isolated over a past three decades in Croatia will be discussed in this review. Figure 1. iM offumonisin B I during 48 hours (Rumora et al.. 2002) 2. 1. , 1977; Pepeljnjak et at..
Graminearum and F. , 2003). , 1995), information regarding the previous crop and the wheat variety used were collected for fields sampled in 2003. Of the 197 wheat fields, 30% were cultivated after maize. 05) than that of samples collected from fields cultivated after sugar beet, small grain cereals or other crops. These results are in agreement with other studies which demonstrate that maize can provide a higher risk of DON contamination than sugar beet, potato, small-grains cereals or soybean as previous crop (Dill-Macky and Jones, 2000).
Patulin in domestic and imported apple-based drinks in Belgium: occurrence and exposure assessment. L. (1998). The etiology of Balkan endemic nephropathy: more questions than answers. W. (1996). Determination and survey of deoxynivalenol in white flour, whole wheat flour, and bran. , & Kema, G. (2003). Major changes in Fusarium spp. in wheat in the Netherlands. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 109,743-754 s. PEPELJNJAK & M. SEGVIC AN OVERVIEW OF MYCOTOXINS AND TOXIGENIC FUNGI IN CROATIA I. INTRODUCTION Mycotoxins are secondary fungal metabolites that contaminate food and feed and can affect human and animal health.