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By Kenneth A. Shepsle

Examining Politics makes the basics of rational-choice idea available to undergraduates in transparent, nontechnical language.
Through case reviews, illustrations, and examples, the writer presents scholars with the skill to investigate a wide selection of occasions. the second one variation has been completely revised to incorporate up-to-date circumstances and examples, new challenge units and dialogue questions, and new “Experimental Corner” sections on the finish of many chapters, describing experiments from social technology literature.

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Read Online or Download Analyzing Politics: Rationality, Behavior, and Institutions (2nd Edition) (The New Institutionalism in American Politics Series) PDF

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Extra info for Analyzing Politics: Rationality, Behavior, and Institutions (2nd Edition) (The New Institutionalism in American Politics Series)

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What does this exercise suggest about the relationship between transi tive preferences and maximizing behavior? 5. In November 2008, a couple of weeks after the election of Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton was offered the job of Secre tary of State of the United States. It was generally assumed that she faced the following trade-off: joining the new admin istration, in perhaps the highest-profile cabinet position, which offered the chance of enhanced prestige and policy making clout in the executive branch, or continuing in the Senate, an option that promised less power (she would still be only one of a hundred) but greater autonomy.

In the example above, action A led to a fifty-fifty chance of x or z; that is, Prjx) = 1/2, PrA(y) = 0, and PrA(z) = 1/2. The probability numbers must all be between zero and one, and they must add up to one. As you can see, these beliefs about action A effectively make A a lottery—one in which y is 15 It is the relative numerical values, not their absolute values, that convey this kind of information. Consequently, it is typical to "normalize" the util ity numbers, setting your most-preferred alternative to a utility value of one, your least-preferred to a value of zero, and intermediate alternatives at utility levels between zero and one.

So, second, groups are composed of many majorities: {A,B} {A,C} {B,C} and {A,B,C} are all majorities of our group of friends. Letting "the" majority rule is not unambiguous and, as we shall see, can get you into trouble. Third, we have interpreted the taking of a vote here as having each individual reveal his or her preference honestly. When confronted with a pair of alternatives, each group mem ber voted for the one that he or she ranked higher. This is known as sincere preference revelation. It is entirely possible, of course, for ah individual to vote contrary to preference, per haps because by doing so a person paradoxically makes out better than if he or she had voted sincerely.

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